Childhood is a critical period of growth and development, during which various musculoskeletal issues can arise, particularly concerning the hips. These childhood hip issues can range from congenital abnormalities to acquired conditions, each requiring unique approaches for diagnosis and treatment. Addressing these hip concerns early is essential to ensure proper development, prevent long-term complications, and promote a healthy, active lifestyle for children.
Causes for Childhood Hip Issues
Childhood hip issues can vary in severity and may have different causes. Here are some common childhood hip issues and how they can be addressed.
Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH)
DDH occurs when the hip joint doesn’t develop properly, leading to instability or dislocation of the hip joint. It’s more common in girls and firstborn children. Treatment options depend on the child’s age and the severity of the condition. Treatment options can be as simple as a harness or as serious as surgical intervention.
Perthes disease affects the blood supply to the femoral head (top of the thigh bone), causing it to gradually collapse. Physical therapy, a brace or cast, or surgery might be considered to treat this condition.
Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE)
SCFE is a condition where the growth plate at the head of the femur slips off the femoral neck. It’s more common in overweight or obese adolescents. Similar to Perthes disease, SCFE has the same treatment options.
Also known as “irritable hip,” this condition causes temporary inflammation of the hip joint. It’s common in young children after a viral infection. Rest and non-strenuous activities will help this condition heal.
This is a bacterial infection of the hip joint, causing pain, swelling, and limited movement. It’s a medical emergency requiring prompt treatment. Septic arthritis can lead to hospitalization. The infected joint may need to be drained, and follow-up care is necessary to monitor for any complications.
Labral tears can occur due to injury or structural abnormalities. Some treatment options include rest, ice, and anti-inflammatory medication. Physical therapy may also be needed, and in extreme cases, arthroscopic surgery.
Schedule an Appointment
Remember, proper diagnosis and treatment planning should be done by a qualified healthcare professional. If you suspect you have a hip issue that originated from childhood, contact the office of Alexander McLawhorn to schedule a consultation.